Gardening Articles for week ending 21st
Written by Wally Richards.
LABOUR WEEKEND GARDENING
Labour Weekend puts us
about bang in the middle of spring, which is the time deemed historically
in New Zealand, as the best time to get your gardens planted out for the
summer and autumn.
Keen gardeners have already made significant progress in their gardens
and likely are into the final touches and daily care patterns of
watering and nipping out those odd weed seedlings that pop up.
Even people that do not normally do much more
gardening than mowing the lawn and spraying some herbicide around, tend
to become more motivated about now.
It must be the spring thing which is often referred to as ‘Spring
This term actually came about in days gone by
when the weather warmed in the spring and people would take out the old
hay, which was used to cover the earthen, kitchen floor. Fresh hay would
be spread and likely the old hay would be dug into the vegetable plot.
Spring is the time for renewal and all around
us birds are sitting on their nests of hatchlings and causing a bit of
havoc in gardens as they search for tidbits to feed the young. In
fact I had a call from a gardener that had the problem of blackbirds chucking
around his garden mulch in their quest for food.
There are two things to do to solve this problem and the first is to supply
the birds with ample food for their young. This is best done by obtaining
a bit of liver and chopping it up into small bits. Place these in a pot
with 3 cups of rice and sufficient water to cook. Stir occasionally till
the rice is cooked. Place spoonfuls of the mix out in suitable spots for
the birds to eat. Do this 2-3 times a day and again after dark so the
birds who wake up before most people in the morning, have the food for
breakfast. The rice mix keeps well in the fridge for a few days. To
keep the birds off the areas where you don't want them you can
string some Bird Repeller Ribbon which is available from most independent
The desire to nurture their young is so great that the ribbon will be
of little use unless you supply a good amount of food. Besides the rice,
you can feed them bird seed, bread etc, but protein is what the birds
want for their young and that comes from the liver and rice mix. I feed
my chooks this mix every day for their lunch and they love it.
It is this ‘spring cleaning’ come
nurture aspect which motivates our non gardening friends to get out and
plant a few shrubs, flowers and even vegetables at this time of the year.
If these plantings are successful they take pride in their efforts and
start to become true gardeners in their own right.
When weather conditions or lack of knowledge results in failures, they
consider that their thumbs are not green and carry on with their other
Planting out of seedlings is one of the main tasks at this time along
with germinating seeds for planting out later. Seedlings face three dangers
that can decimate the young plants. Birds, which we have already mentioned.
Cats, which just love freshly prepared soils as toilets. Slugs and snails
that like seedlings.
To keep cats away
from your new gardens obtain a product that is called ‘Cat Repellent,’
sprinkle some of the crystals around the area to protect, and over 95%
of the local cats will stay away. As the crystals evaporate sprinkle a
few more till the cats have formed new habits.
Slugs and snails also can attack seedlings and
the best method of dealing with them is to spray Liquid Copper with Raingard
added over the seedlings and surrounding soil. The slugs and snails cannot
go over copper without being effected so they stay away from treated areas.
Repeat treatment about every 10 to 14 days. This method is far better
than using poison baits which can kill pets and birds and are also dangerous
to have around with small children. Slugs and snails are an advantage
in the garden as they aid in the breakdown of decomposing organic material
and are an important part of the soil food web. We just need to keep them
off our living plants.
Germinating seedlings is a frustrating experience for many gardeners because
they do not provide sufficient natural light for the new seedlings. The
seeds sown in trays or punnets can be started off indoors but as soon
as the first show of germination takes place they must be moved to a place
where they have full light but not strong direct sunlight. Ideally a glasshouse
with a bit of shade cloth is perfect.
Alternatively take an old drawer and place it in a morning or late in
the day sun situation.
Place your trays in the drawer with panes of glass over the drawer to
protect the young seedlings from the elements. Raise the glass slightly
for ventilation. Seedlings on a windowsill will stretch to the window
and become weak and dampen off. When the seedlings have natural light
from above they do not stretch, growing as natural, stocky plants.
Use potting mix for germinating seedlings as it is better and cheaper
than special seed raising mixes. Fill the tray two thirds full of the
potting mix, sieve some more mix over this to obtain a layer of the finer
particles. Sprinkle the seeds over the fine particles and sieve some more
mix to slightly cover the seeds. With a fine rose watering can or a mist
sprayer, moisten down the sowing with Magic Botanic Liquid (MBL) mixed
with water at 10 mls per litre. This aids the germination. Keep the seeds
moist but not over wet.
Once the seedlings have reached the second true leaf stage the tray should
be soaked in the MBL and water mix and then the seedlings are pricked
out into cell trays or small pots for later planting into the gardens.
When planting out a garden plot remove all the weeds by hand and hoe up
the soil to loosen it, if compacted. Cover the area with a layer of compost
which can be obtained these days from garden centres in bags or by the
trailer load. Before spreading the compost over the prepared ground, you
can enhance the mineral content of the soil by sprinkling Simalith and
Ocean Solids. Sheep Manure pellets, Blood & bone, dolomite & gypsum
can also be applied at the suggested rates on the containers.
Then an inch or two of the compost is used to cover these goodies. Now
the seedlings can be planted into the compost and watered in with MBL
and Mycorrcin. The later along with the MBL will start assisting the microbe
populations to build up making for better healthier plants and gardens.
You may like to spray your seedlings with Vaporgard an hour or two before
transplanting. This reduces moisture loss and makes a big difference in
reducing transplant shock. The seedlings not only stand up quicker and
start growing faster but it also protects them against cold snaps and
Once planted and watered in you can sprinkle the Cat Repellent around
if need be and spray the seedlings and mulch with Liquid Copper and Raingard
to keep the slugs and snails at bay.
It is important that you water your new plantings lightly and frequently
such as every day while they are establishing.
Here we bring in an interesting point; tap water in some areas has chlorine
added to the water which is not good for the soil or plants. The tap water
will get dry soil moist, but it also kills beneficial microbes in the
soil and on the plants, slowing down the plant’s growth and health. Some
areas have greater amounts of chlorine in the water that others and you
can smell this poison when you turn on the tap. Also not good for your
own health either.
When it rains you will notice that plants really come away as the rain
water is much more beneficial for the gardens than the chlorine doctored
I overcame this problem recently by investing in a low cost water filter
which is now connected to my garden hose. Even after only a couple of
weeks I can see better growth after I water, a bit like rain water results.
If you are interested in doing the same, visit a Plumbing Merchant and
pick up a ‘Filterpure W10PR 10”Filte Housing 20mm and a Filterpure AC-10
10”Carbon Cartilage. Costs about $100 and additional replacement carbon
cartilages about $35.00. The filters need only to be replaced in the spring
each year. (Dependant on your water usage) An excellent investment, which
removes another toxic chemical from our gardens (along with any other
pesticides/chemical traces that are in many tap water supplies)
Another step towards having healthy plants and gardens. Have a great Labour
BOOK: WALLY’S Down to Earth GARDENING
It is now 23 years since I wrote my first weekly
gardening article back in 1983. Back then it was pen to paper, long hand
with numerous re-writes before the editor received the copy. Once computers
started to become available, I spent $15,000 on a Armstrad IBM compatible
computer and a HP scanner/printer. This made life easier in some ways
but a learning curve to ensure that the PC worked correctly.
Later on when the very popular garden writer,
Nick Scott retired, I took over his syndicated column of newspapers which
meant weekly publication in several papers, nation wide.
During the following years more papers were added to the list and in some
areas of the country I was replaced with local writers. Now days I am
published in up to 30 odd papers either regularly or occasionally each
week. Regular publications have brought a following of gardeners who prefer
my more natural methods of gardening. Many gardeners over the last few
years have asked if I had written a book.
The answer had always been no.
So this last winter having reached 60 years of age, I decided it was time,
and that there would be a book by spring 2006. Once committed it was many
winter days and nights with the heater and the computer, typing out information
from years of experience.
I could have just taken the past article files off
the computer and put them together in a reasonable order and published.
Instead I felt that many would have these articles in scrap books already
so much of the book was written fresh, devoting much more material to
main areas of gardening such as Roses, Lawns, Tomatoes, Weeds, Vegetables
etc. than could be placed in a 1000 word article.
The book has resulted in 340 pages of information, A5 size with soft cover.
There are very few diagrams or pictures, just information.
The book is divided into 5 sections which include some past articles brought
up to date plus information on natural products, soil health, plant health
and our own health.
Not finding a publishing house that was interested in a first book from
myself, it was decided to print and distribute the book as well as write
Thus Wally’s Down To Earth Gardening Guide is now available from some
garden centres or by mail order from 0800 466464 or on the web at www.gardenews.co.nz
Some book shops may stock the book later on as well, but in the meantime
if you are interested ask at your garden centre and if not available,
use the above contact details.
A book review is likely soon from the Gardening Editor or Editor of a
number of the papers that publish my articles each week. The book’s recommended
retail is $27.95.
I have endeavored to make the book a good read as well as supplying lots
of helpful advice.
Problems ring me at 0800 466 464 (Palmerston North 3570606)
Garden Pages and News at www.gardenews.co.nz
Shar Pei pages at www.sharpei.co.nz